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Soot transported from elsewhere in world contributes little to melting of some Antarctic glaciers

The McMurdo Dry Valleys with a view of Lake Hoare and the Canada Glacier.

Airborne soot produced by wildfires and fossil-fuel combustion and transported to the remote McMurdo Dry Valleys of Antarctica contains levels of black carbon too low to contribute significantly to the melting of local glaciers, according to a new study by researchers supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF).

Strong winds in the Dry Valleys, however, can temporarily cause large spikes in the amount of locally produced black carbon, which is distributed through the ...

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Engineering earthquake resilience in downtown skyscrapers

an accelerometer Building sensors feed new community models to maximize function, minimize disruption after an earthquake

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NSF support helps advance research in geography and spatial science

Collage of landscapes, city skylines, and people.

The National Science Foundation (NSF) awarded more than $10.2 million in 2017 through its Geography and Spatial Sciences (GSS) program to fund 64 new projects that will advance knowledge about geographic patterns and processes, as well as the complex dynamics of interactions among human, physical and biotic systems on Earth.

"Geography plays an important role in how people interact with each other, their cultures and their environments," said Fay Lomax Cook, NSF assistant director ...

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Deep-sea observatories to offer new view of seabed earthquakes

ship in the ocean

A mission to study New Zealand's largest fault by lowering two sub-seafloor observatories into the Hikurangi subduction zone is underway this week.

The expedition is led by scientists from The Pennsylvania State University (PennState) and GNS Science in New Zealand, and funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP).

"This expedition will yield ...

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NSF revamps proposal guidance for education research

Computer monitor in abstract setting

The National Science Foundation's (NSF) Directorate for Education and Human Resources (EHR) has implemented new guidance for the scientists it supports, providing detailed directions on how to make their research results easier to replicate.

The new data management plan guidance, which took effect earlier this year, requires researchers seeking EHR funding to describe in their proposals how they plan to generate data ...

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